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Guide to Well Water Purification Systems

girl drinking filtered water from tap

Although water from wells in Ontario often contains various beneficial minerals, it isn’t always free from contaminants. Pollutants and organic chemicals can enter the ground through waste disposal, spills and surface water run-off, potentially contaminating the water and posing health risks to those who drink it. That’s why well water often requires purification. Here’s an overview of six common well water purification systems.

1. Mesh filters.

Mesh filtration systems, also called mechanical filtration systems, use physical barriers, such as polyester and stainless-steel mesh linings, to trap large particles like dirt, clay, sand and rust. However, these filters don’t remove any chemicals or heavy metals dissolved in the water. Due to this limitation, they’re typically used as pre-filters.

2. Chlorination systems.

Chlorine can be added to water to disinfect and kill harmful microorganisms like parasites, bacteria and viruses. Shock chlorination is an effective method to eliminate a one-time case of bacterial contamination but isn’t a viable long-term solution.

3. Activated carbon filtration systems.

Activated carbon filtration is a common well water treatment method that uses activated carbon to attract and absorb volatile organic compounds (VOCs), pesticides, herbicides and other chemicals present in drinking water. Active charcoal filters are particularly effective at removing unpleasant tastes and odours from water.

4. Oxidation filters.

Oxidation filters use oxidizing agents like ozone or hydrogen peroxide to chemically neutralize contaminants like iron, manganese and hydrogen sulphide. They're effective against various organic pollutants and can improve taste and odour issues.

5. UV filtration systems.

\As the name suggests, ultraviolet (UV) filtration systems use ultraviolet light to disinfect well water. The UV light effectively inactivates harmful microorganisms like bacteria, viruses and cysts by damaging their DNA.

6. Reverse osmosis (RO) systems.

RO systems are largely considered the king of all water filtration systems. They use a semipermeable membrane to remove a wide range of contaminants and impurities, including bacteria, viruses and heavy metals, as well as dissolved solids like salt and minerals.

Implementing an appropriate well water purification system is vital to ensure safe, tasty and clean drinking water in your home. Fortunately, the team at Black Forest Plumbing can help you make the right decision based on the contaminants present in your water and your desired water quality.

Well Water Purification Solutions in the GTA

If your home is on well water, the Black Forest Plumbing team can help you find a water purification system to improve the taste and quality of your water. We install and service reverse osmosis and ultraviolet systems, both of which are free of chemicals and highly effective at removing impurities from tap water. We serve customers in Newmarket, Barrie, Toronto and throughout the GTA. Contact us today for more information.


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